Pisa - Tuscany
Pisa is an open-air museum.
Pisa, whose name seems to derive from the Etruscan word ‘outlet’, ‘mouth’, boasts a millenary history on whose tracks the visitor can walk losing oneself within the city’s fabric, characterized by majestic squares and rich in history, amazing monuments and buildings with different styles.
The city, on which Lungarni overlooks precious gothic and renaissance style buildings, whose alleys are guarded by medieval ‘tower houses’, and make hidden chapels without hidden gardens and majestic facades of Romanesque and Gothic churches, and in whose squares unique monuments shine with beauty and magnetism, it offers an exciting experience.
The ivory splendour of Piazza del Duomo (Cathedral Square) (or Piazza dei Miracoli – Square of Miracles), a symbol of the wealth and pomp of the Maritime Republic of Pisa, with the four most evocative monuments of the city; the Baptistery (with unique acoustics), the Camposanto Monumentale (Monumental Cemetery), embellished with extraordinary frescoes, the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta (The Assumption of the Virgin Mary Pisa Cathedral), an absolute masterpiece of Pisan-Romanesque architecture, and the famous Bell Tower, or Tower of Pisa, known all over the world for the particular slope which may be sufficient to amaze the visitor, who, however, climbing the medieval walkway, which runs alongside the square, has the opportunity to observe the whole city from an unprecedented perspective.
The city, also famous for its university institutions, which have contributed to enriching it and which have their roots in distant eras, offers visitors a stimulating and rich cultural life; including events and manifestations taking place within the university headquarters and its many museums and theatres. Also, on the occasion of the so-called ‘Pisan June’, the entire centre is involved with races, parades and medieval games, becoming the scene of colourful historical re-enactments.
Standing in a large green expanse, the monumental complex of the Piazza del Duomo in Pisa is an extraordinary place, which has preserved over time the beauty and historical, artistic and landscape qualities of its heritage.
In this place, also known as ‘Piazza dei Miracoli’, the memory of the past is kept alive, so that it may be a source of inspiration for contemporaries and a cultural heritage for future generations.
It has recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.
The UNESCO World Heritage Center conferred the title of World Heritage Site of Piazza del Duomo in December 1987, on the occasion of the eleventh Conference of the World Heritage Committee.
The complex contains a series of medieval architectural works, including four world-famous masterpieces: the Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Bell Tower, and the Campo Santo.
The Cathedral, dedicated to Santa Maria Assunta, or Duomo, represents an innovative Church model for the times, which influenced the architectural works in other Tuscan cities, such as Lucca and Pistoia – and also in the territories that were historically under the dominion of Maritime Republic of Pisa, such as Sardinia and Corsica. During the construction of the main building, were inserted, on the side’s walls, reused materials from Roman monuments to underline the greatness of Pisa as “another Rome”
The Baptistery is an imposing structure, surrounded, like the Cathedral, by arches on columns. It has a roof system consisting of a double dome, an internal truncated cone, and an external hemispherical cap, which gives the environment exceptional acoustics which make it a real “musical instrument”.
The Tower, or Bell Tower, with its seven huge bells and splendid architecture, is the Bell Tower of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, the symbol of Pisa and one of the most iconic symbols of Italy. It tilted shortly after its construction and became what, even today, is known throughout the world as the Leaning Tower of Pisa, tilted 3.9° with respect to its vertical axis. The structure consists of two concentric cylinders connected by an internal spiral staircase that ends at the access to the upper cell. Indeed, the prevailing features of the monument are the curved lines that develop in the blind arches and in the six floors of loggias present on the external cylinder and divided by columns on which round arches rest.
The Camposanto (or Camposanto Monumentale) is one of the oldest Christian buildings destined for the cult of the dead during the Middle Ages. During the fourteenth century, the interior walls came alive with wonderful frescoes, centered on the themes of Life and Death, which started a new phase of pictorial art: among which “The Triumph of Death”
The Square is also remembered for having been the scene of the first experiments of the intuitions of the Pisan scientist Galileo Galilei in the first decades of the seventeenth century.
We have an agreement with a specific hotel in Pisa (Hotel Pisa Tower Plaza) where we have blocked all the rooms, about 100, while availability lasts. Friday arrivals, departures, and dinner will be at this hotel. It is not mandatory to make reservations here but highly recommended so that we can all stay together throughout the gathering. Be quick before the rooms are all sold out.